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Apples have existed as a wild fruit since prehistoric times and have been cultivated for more than 3,000 years. The ancient Greeks, Etruscans, Romans and Egyptians were among early cultivators.
During the California Gold Rush, apples sometimes fetched more than $100 a bushel because of their versatility, durability and capacity to be preserved by drying.
The apple tree now grows in thousands of varieties in almost every corner of the globe — from Japan to Madagascar to South Africa, New Zealand, Russia, China, England, France and across much of North America.
- It takes four apples to make a glass of pure apple juice.
- Three medium apples equal about 1 lb. (500 g).
- One medium apple yields about 1/4 cup (175 mL) of sliced apples.
The Ontario Apple Growers (OAG) represent Ontario apple farmers with 10 acres of orchard or more and in 2016, have approximately 230 members.
There are 15 different main varieties of apples are grown on nearly 16,000 acres in Ontario. The province’s major apple-producing areas are along the shores of Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Huron and Georgian Bay.
The farm gate value of the Ontario apple crop is approx. $86 million, which includes sales to fresh and processing markets and on-farm/pick-your-own.
The top five varieties in Ontario (based on acreage planted) are McIntosh, Gala, Empire, Red Delicious, and Northern Spy.
For other apple industry statistics, please visit:
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food and Ministry of Rural Affairs
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada